SALINAS DE JANUBIO S. L.

Salinas de Janubio, SL, has been carrying out the traditional collection activity with artisan methods on the island for more than 100 years, by family tradition, without ever having stopped exploiting. In spite of the negative evolution of the traditional salinera activity, Salinas de Janubio, SL, has endeavored to maintain and conserve them trying to find commercialization channels and undertaking maintenance and restoration tasks.

THE JANUBE VOLCANO

Janubio is a place-name that designates an area of ​​the south west of the island of Lanzarote and, within it, other secondary accidents, such as a beach, an internal lagoon separated from the beach with a strip of land, and salt flats that are there implanted since ancient times.

Perhaps it is these salinas that have given the most notoriety to the name of Janubio, but that does not justify in any way that they explain their etymology, as proposed by Sosa Barroso (2001: 154): Janubio – says – comes from Sal Nuveo «Cloudy, cloudy salt», which evolved to jal nuveo and from there to janubio. On the contrary, the place name seems of Guanche origin, but nobody, without even Wölfel (1996: V, 53), has not been able to give an explanation from the point of view of its meaning.

As for writing, currently only one way. Janubio, but not so in previous times. The first time it is recorded is on the Torriani map, in 1590, and it is done as Anuvio, and the same in the Brihuela / Cosala cartography, in 1635; and the same, but with b, in P.A. del Castillo, in 1686. Only from Riviere (1741) and Viera (1772) is it fixed in the way it has arrived until today. Other forms, such as Berthelot’s Xanubio, are pure individual solutions.

Fuente: Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

Las Salinas de Janubio about the 50s of the last century.

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Las Salinas de Janubio is located in a “Geological Interest Place” where the former Royal Port of Janubio was located, which is currently a coastal lagoon that is closed by a boulder line that has originated by coastal drift of the products of the dismantling of the washings of the eruptions of 1730-1736. In this “LIG” you can also see the seabed of Tortoniense and Pliocene. In relation to this “LIG” are the Salinas de Janubio have always been linked to fishing and the salting and canning industry. They are the largest reference and emblem of the salt culture in the Canary Islands. They are the largest salt pans and the greatest landscape value of the islands, being considered as one of the most important saline mills worldwide. The production and subsequent commercialization of salt has always been carried out using artisanal methods not admitting, unlike other industries, mechanization.

The Laguna de Janubio has a main interest of geomorphological type and a secondary interest of volcanological, stratigraphic and petrological type. It is representative of the Canarian artisanal salt flats. The “LIG” presents great geological diversity. It stands out for its beauty and is associated with cultural elements of the island. This LIG is ZEPA (Zone of Special Protection for Birds) and Natural Site of National Interest with the category of Site of Scientific Interest.

SOURCE: Lanzarote Geopark and Chinijo Archipelago

Jar canelo (tadorna ferruginea) in the cooker.